Like photography, survey and cartography is a critical component of project/exploration caving and karst research.  Mapping caves holds a lot of importance to understand the geological makeup of the cave so scientists and researchers and continue to understand the environment.  Cartography also provides a map for future visitors to navigate through caves and to document where people have actually been inside the cave. All of these aspects play an important role in the documentation of cave exploration.  I find that photography also provides a visual blue print and a visual perspective from inside of the cave with the elements of human interaction within the cave and a conferring de facto on what to expect when visiting the caves features.

I find that Photography and Cartography have a similar importance when both are done correctly and for the right purpose. I find that photography can capture the caves characteristic in a way that cartography captures the structure of the cave.  Cartography appears to be like the drummer of a band, the foundation and the backbone the keeps the band present.

Past Survey contributions:

Chandelier Maze (Inventory-point), Lechuguilla, 2017

False hopes, Powder, Emerald lake caves-Nevada, 2017

Cueva Nita Njou, 2017

Xibalba Mapping and Exploration Team, Belize -2017

Liberty Cave-Nevada, 2016

Cueva Nita Nida-Sistema Huautla. Mexico, 2016

Cueva Del Falso Tributario. Puerto Rico, 2015

Cueva Mucolitos-Costa Rica, 2014

Binkley Cave-Indiana, 2013

Currently I am working towards developing efficient and effective sketching protocol and developing line plots on compass and walls.  I am also working in Illustrator to render completed maps. I also have upcoming projects dedicated to photogrammetry and LIDAR which will be announced in the future.

Emerald Lake Cave